LAEMMLE, CARL


LAEMMLE, CARL
LAEMMLE, CARL (1867–1939), U.S. film producer and founder of Universal Studios. Born in Laupheim, Germany, Laemmle immigrated to the United States at the age of 17. In 1906 he bought a makeshift theater in Chicago, which made huge profits and Laemmle used this money to buy up a dozen other theaters. But films came to Chicago only intermittently, so Laemmle organized a wholesale motion-picture exchange business. The exchange grew in power and Laemmle organized similar ventures in other cities. When the need for fresh films became apparent, Laemmle established a company to produce features. His first film appeared in 1909, Hiawatha. Later Laemmle began to hire well-known actors like Mary Pickford to appear in his films. He gave them a listing in the credits, thereby inaugurating the star system. In 1912 Laemmle and several others organized the Universal Film Manufacturing company, which later became Universal Studios. He purchased the site of Universal City in California and developed it into one of the largest motion-picture studios in the world. Laemmle produced the first full-length feature picture, Traffic in Souls, a five-reeler that cost $5,000 to make. Despite misgivings about its length it earned $500,000. In 1935, Laemmle sold Universal City and retired. He spent much time and money aiding refugees driven from Nazi Germany. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Drinkwater, The Life and Adventures of Carl Laemmle (1931); L. Jacobs, The Rise of the American Film (1968), index. (Stewart Kampel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Laemmle, Carl — (1867–1939)    Founder of Universal Studios. Arriving in the United States as an immigrant from Germany at the age of seventeen, Laemmle started with one derelict cinema and developed a chain of them. Finding it difficult to get a regular supply… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Laemmle, Carl — born Jan. 17, 1867, Laupheim, Ger. died Sept. 24, 1939, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. German born U.S. film producer. After immigrating to the U.S. in 1884, he worked at various jobs in Chicago before opening a nickelodeon there in 1906 and… …   Universalium

  • Laemmle, Carl — (1867 1939)    American film executive, of German origin. Born in Laupheim, Germany, he went to the US at the age of 17. He worked as a bookkeeper. In 1909 he opened a nickelodeon and became a partner of the Motion Picture Patents Company. In… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Laemmle, Carl — (17 ene. 1867, Laupheim, Alemania–24 sept. 1939, Beverly Hills, Cal., EE.UU.). Productor de cine estadounidense de origen alemán. En 1884 emigró a EE.UU. y en Chicago ejerció diversos oficios antes de abrir un nickelodeon (un cine de 5 centavos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carl Laemmle — (* 17. Januar 1867 in Laupheim; † 24. September 1939 in Beverly Hills; eigentlich Karl Lämmle) gehörte zu den einflussreichsten Filmpionieren der amerikanischen Filmgeschichte. Er begründete 1912 die Universal Studios in Universal City im Los …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Lämmle — Carl Laemmle Carl Laemmle (* 17. Januar 1867 in Laupheim; † 24. September 1939 in Beverly Hills; eigentlich Karl Lämmle) gehört zu den einflussreichsten Gestalten der amerikanischen Filmgeschichte. Als Gründer und Vorsitzender der Universal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Laemmle — Carl Laemmle. Carl Laemmle, né le 17 janvier 1867 à Laupheim (Allemagne), décédé le 24 septembre 1939 à Los Angeles (Californie), est un producteur américain, fondateur d Universal Studios. Biog …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Laemmle Jr. — Carl Laemmle, Jr. (* 28. April 1908 in Chicago; † 24. September 1979 in Los Angeles) war ein US amerikanischer Filmproduzent. Carl Laemmle Jr. Karriere als Filmproduzent der Universal Studios begann im jugendlichen Alter, als sein Vater Carl… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Laemmle — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carl Laemmle Carl Laemmle (Laupheim, Württemberg, Alemania, 17 de enero de 1867 – Beverly Hills, California, 24 de septiembre de 1939), pionero de la industria cinematográfica y funda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laemmle — may refer to: * Carl Laemmle * Carl Laemmle Jr * Laemmle Theatres Los Angeles, Calif. U.S.A …   Wikipedia


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